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:: Volume 19, Issue 40 (7-2020) ::
3 2020, 19(40): 91-118 Back to browse issues page
The Genealogy of the Idea of Satan in the Torah and the Holy Quran
Suleiman Abbasi 1, Mohammad-Hadi Amin Naji, Ali-Reza Delafkar, Ja’far Nekounam
Abstract:   (268 Views)
The idea of Satan is recognized in line with the theological and ontological elements in the Torah and the holy Quran. What the Torah narrates about Satan lacks consistency and existential unity, and giving a different, natural and abstract configuration of Satan, this religious text represents him as a being with a variety of functions. In the pre-Islamic view, Satan is said to have a mythical nature under the system of worshiping the Supreme Lord, and the Torah offers a divergent narrative about Satan as a conscious, benevolent, far-sighted, examining and deceitful being who is assumed to be independent of God and have a special function and who came to be known  as a result of the way the Torah appeared in a historical process and in co-existence and interaction with civilizations (Mesopotamian) and in connection with their discourse systems. But in the monotheistic approach of the Quran, Satan is introduced in a new way. In the narrative of the Torah, the lineage of Satan has a mythical divine nature, and he is said to have the dual function of earthly discipline under the Supreme God, but the Quran introduces Satan as a creation of God, who enjoys the attribute of authority and consistent functions (tempter, misleading, ...). Using the syntagmatic and paradigmatic semantic method and its related components, this article looks into the lineage of Satan in terms of what it is and what functions he has in the texts of the Torah and the holy Quran, and tries to reveal its narrative differences.
Keywords: idea, Satan, the Torah, the holy Quran, semantics, syntagmatic and paradigmatic.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/08/16 | Accepted: 2020/07/31 | Published: 2020/07/31
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Abbasi S, Amin Naji M, Delafkar A, Nekounam J. The Genealogy of the Idea of Satan in the Torah and the Holy Quran. 3. 2020; 19 (40) :91-118
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Volume 19, Issue 40 (7-2020) Back to browse issues page
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