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:: Volume 19, Issue 40 (7-2020) ::
3 2020, 19(40): 35-65 Back to browse issues page
An Investigation into Peace and Violence in the Quranic Teachings with a Look at Johan Galtung's Theory of Cultural and Structural Violence
Ahmad-Ali Sahib Nasi, Mehdi Moti’ 1, Mohammad-Reza Haji Ismaili Hosseinabadi
Abstract:   (268 Views)
For Johann Galtung (a Norwegian sociologist and peace scholar), peace and violence are at odds, and peace cannot be achieved if there is violence. Cultural and structural violence are the two main obstacles to achieving lasting peace in societies and at the international level. Cultural violence refers to those aspects of culture that justify or legitimize violence, and religion can be a source of cultural violence. Structural violence refers to discrimination, deprivation and institutionalized prohibitions in society; structural violence lies in structures and is reflected in the unequal distribution of power, resources, and opportunities. The present study is of qualitative type and uses the descriptive-analytical method to review the Quranic verses related to peace and violence in order to find out the view of the Quran on these two issues (based on the definition and classification of Johan Galtung). In this regard, the Quranic verses related to the principles of Islam, Islamic ethics and spirituality, the purpose of the mission of the divine prophets and the methods of inviting people to religion are selected and their relationship with peace and violence is examined. Moreover, the characteristics of taghut (false deity) and the social structure of the society ruled by pharaohs are compared with the components of structural violence, and it is concluded that the principles of Islam and the Quranic-Islamic teachings are peace-oriented and anti-violence, and they are strong foundations for cultural peace, but they refute cultural violence and structural violence and are not compatible with them.
Keywords: peace, cultural violence, structural violence, the Quran, Islam, Johan Galtung.
Full-Text [PDF 468 kb]   (91 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/08/16 | Accepted: 2020/07/31 | Published: 2020/07/31
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Sahib Nasi A, Moti’ M, Haji Ismaili Hosseinabadi M. An Investigation into Peace and Violence in the Quranic Teachings with a Look at Johan Galtung's Theory of Cultural and Structural Violence. 3. 2020; 19 (40) :35-65
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Volume 19, Issue 40 (7-2020) Back to browse issues page
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